All Terrain Vehicle(ATV) are four-wheeled motorized vehicles with an overall width of 48 inches or less designed to operate exclusively on off-road terrain, primarily for a single rider. They’re powered by gasoline engines and equipped with four low-pressure tires, handlebars for steering and a seat that is straddled by the rider. Today’s ATV are used for both work and play. Farming and ranching are the places where ATV widely used. Recreational uses include trail riding, transporting items, such as hauling gear to a fishing spot, campsite or hunting grounds. As ATV has been increasing in popularity, as trails and recreation areas become more crowded, it is more important than ever to protect the rider’s safety. Since we are experiencing the number of new injury cases reported by emergency rooms each year has either remained relatively constant or has increased. 2013 Annual Report of ATV-related Deaths and Injuries said that
“As for December 31, 2013, CPSC staff received reports of 13,043 ATV-related fatalities occurring between 1982 and 2013. CPSC staff received reports of 426 ATV-related fatalities occurring in 2013, 513 occurring 2012, 620 occurring in 2011, and 656 occurring in 2010. Reporting for the year 2010 through 2013 is ongoing; these number are expected to increase in future reports.”
There definitely need to be change, what hiding behind this soaring number are the loss of life or a life-long impact. Many safety argues that injuries can be reduced by spreading awareness through rural communities.According to Swope Rodante (2013) reported “In 2013, an overall increase in the amount of ATV accidents and injuries has been reported. Traumatic brain injuries(TBI) and spinal cord injuries(SCI) can also from ATV accidents and failure to wear a helmet when riding. Nearly 75% of all ATV crashes result in debilitating brain and spinal cord injuries. 80% of all ATV-related fatalities result from a TBI or SCI suffered by the rider in a crash. Moreover in 2012 May-June professors- Miller M; Davidov D; Tillotson R; Whiteman C; Marshall T; Lander O from WVU, USA researched ATV injuries prevention: the impact of helmet use in West Virginia. They found out that “ Non-helmeted riders were significantly more likely to arrive to the hospital via helicopter than helmeted riders, and were less likely to be discharged home from the ED compared to helmeted riders, Non-helmeted riders sustained significantly more head, neck, soft tissue injuries, concussions, intracranial hemorrhages, facial fractures, skull fractures and thoracic spine fractures than helmeted riders”
Therefore, helmet has been proved to be efficiently reduce the risk of ATV riding, but why there are still people choose not to wear helmet and risk their lives? obviously we need to find the problems form the helmets nowadays on sell. If you go into any stores or markets to purchase a helmet, you will find out that majority of them are heavy, bulky, lack of design and unattractive which are likely to seal your head within a lump of thing that combined metal and plastic. Yet, there are qualified helmets, the price also rise at the same time which prevent most of customers.
So our team decided to change this situation, dedicated ourselves into a design which satisfies both the safety requirement and customer’s’ preference. In order to obtain this goal, our team members did lots of researches and interviews so that we can truly understand the need of customer plus we can absorb the merits of existing designs and discard or improve those shortcomings.